Whom is IVF treatment suitable?
- Women who have been diagnosed with unexplained infertility
- Women with fallopian tubes obstruction
- When other techniques such as fertility medication or intrauterine insemination (IUI) have not been successful
- When a limited number of oocytes are available
- Male partner has serious fertility problems
- Couples are using donated eggs or their own frozen eggs in their treatment
- Couples are using preimplantation genetic screening to avoid passing on a genetic condition to the child
IVF Treatment steps
- Consultation with reproductive endocrinologist; selection of the individual stimulation protocol.
- Ovulation induction according to the protocol chosen in order to ensure a higher number of eggs.
- Monitoring of the hormonal stimulation under ultrasound. The number of matured eggs and quality of uterine lining will be checked.
- Egg retrieval is performed by gynecologist under general anesthesia. The whole procedure takes 10-20 minutes.
- Sperm collection, analysis and preparation. Semen is prepared for fertilisation by removing inactive cells and seminal fluid in a process called sperm washing.
- Fertilisation using ICSI or IMSI methods.
- Cultivation of embryos. The produced embryos are being cultivated in special incubators for 5-6 days. Their development is closely monitored by experienced embryologists. If necessary, PGS or PGD can be performed to select embryos free from genetic diseases.
- Embryo transfer is a painless transfer of the best embryo into the woman’s uterus. Spare embryos will be cryopreserved by vitrification.
Frozen embryo transfer is one of ART techniques. Many couples choose to try frozen embryo transfer program after a successful IVF attempt to have a second baby.